Biometric identification and authentication

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Biometric identification and authentication

Post  Admin on Tue Apr 26, 2011 4:41 pm

Biometric identification is a technique that uses biometric features to identify human beings. Biometrics are physical or behavioral characteristics unique to an individual, such as a finger or palm print, iris pattern or face image and are used to strongly link a stored identity to the physical person this represents.
Biometric solutions are essentially used to perform two types of control:
• Authentication: corresponds to the action of comparing a biometric characteristic with one embedded in any form of ID paper. This process is called 1:1 control and is used to verify the holder identity.
• Identification: corresponds to the action of comparing a biometric characteristic with a set of characteristics registered/stored within a database. This process is called 1:n control and is used to verify one individual identity against a predefined population.
The main topics of research in Biometrics include enhancing the accuracy of the biometric devices by developing strong authentication processes and technologies, and improving methods of secure online authentication of individuals, regardless of which digital identity element they use.

Applicable Security Missions:
  • Security of the citizens
  • Security of infrastructures and utilities
  • Intelligent surveillance and border security
  • Restoring security and safety in case of crisis

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Supply Chain

Post  Admin on Fri Jul 08, 2011 11:53 am

The Supply Chain for biometric solutions involves a lot of players with numerous interactions between them, from the sensors/components manufacturers to the final end-user- that are required in order to integrate a new biometric technology within a larger security infrastructure.

The overall situation of the STSC for biometrics solutions is seen as relatively stable in terms of the general organisation of supply chains and the positioning of players. Fingerprint and the AFIS / Livescan systems used by law enforcement for background checks and criminal investigations accounts for the largest market share. The other relevant markets are face and iris recognition, the market of remaining technologies is comparatively small.
The majority of suppliers are localised in the US, reflecting its large market size. Contrary to the US supply chain, which addresses both low-end and high-end market segments, Europe tends to be more focused on high-end market segments. The European supply chain has a few players in the high end segment of the biometry industry including Sagem Sécurité, as market leader, as well as some specialised SMEs like Dermalog, Cognitec, Iris Guard and Green Bit. The Japanese biometric supply chain demonstrates some specialisation in component/hardware manufacturing, in particular cameras, but is rather limited in other value chain stages with the exception of NEC who remains a key player in the AFIS market.
The slow maturation of the market is causing considerable changes in the market structure with frequent mergers and takeovers. Some examples are the agreement between Cross Match technologies and Smith Heimann Biometrics GmbH in 2005 or the creation in 2006 of L-1 Identity Solutions merging Viisage, Identix, and Iridian Technologies, followed by the takeover in 2008 of Bioscript and Digimarc.

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